As the name of the piece indicates, Vox Balaenae was inspired by whale songs. "Late in the 1960s, George Crumb heard a tape recording prepared by a marine scientist of the sounds emitted by the humpback whale.... In 1971, Crumb drew on these sounds as the inspiration...". Although the piece has eight movements, these are grouped into three structurally similar parts: the first two movements "(...for the beginning of time)", five variations named after geologic time periods, and the last movement "(...for the end of time)"

© Cyrus Allyar

Mario Notaristefano

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Pieter de Koe

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Pietro Ceresini

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C. DEBUSSY Piano Trio in G major (1880) 24 min.
(arr. M. Notaristefano)
I Andante con molto allegro
II Scherzo. Moderato con allegro
III Intermezzo. Andante espressivo
IV Finale Appassionato

B. MATRINU Trio for flute, cello and piano (1944) 18 min.
I Poco Allegro
II Adagio
III Andante-Allegro


G. CRUMB Vox Balaenae for Three Masked Players (1971) 25 min.
I Vocalise
II Variations on Sea-Theme
- Sea Theme
- Variation 1: Archeozoic
- Variation 2: Proterozoic
- Variation 3: Paleozoic
- Variation 4: Mesozoic
- Variation 5: Cenozoic
III Sea Nocturne

Mario Notaristefano - Flute
Pieter de Koe - Cello
Pietro Ceresini - Piano